Apprenticeships Could Help U.S. Workers Gain a Competitive Edge Commentary from
, Posted: May 08, 2013
In this Washington Post commentary, Robert Lerman and Stuart Eizenstat argue that the U.S. manufacturing sector is poised for a comeback, but faces serious workforce challenges. To avoid squandering the opportunity to sustain a manufacturing resurgence, the U.S. must match the quality and quantity of skills training achieved in many other countries. One way to do this is a 21st-century apprenticeship program. By training youth and adults through a combined work-based learning and classroom instruction program leading to a recognized and valued occupational credential, apprenticeships can increase employment, while insuring a close match between the skills learned and the skills required. Poverty in America: How We Can Help Families Commentary from Posted: May 08, 2013
In this commentary for BlogHer.com, Urban Institute fellow Olivia Golden discusses a two-generation policy agenda that can help promote young children's development and low-wage workers' economic stability, which should start with a national focus on the first year of life. Options to Reform the Home Mortgage Interest Deduction Testimony from Posted: April 25, 2013
Eric Toder's testimony before the U.S. House of Representative’s Committee on Ways and Means in a hearing on tax reform and residential real estate. Sustainable Housing Finance: Perspectives on Reforming FHA Testimony from Posted: April 10, 2013
In testimony before the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Housing and Insurance, Urban Institute President Sarah Rosen Wartell described alternatives for reforming the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to ensure a sustainable housing finance system, focusing on steps Congress can take now to improve FHA’s financial health by strengthening its ability to assess and manage risk and mitigate loss. Financing Medicare and Medicaid Testimony from
, Posted: March 18, 2013
Continuing to slow health cost growth is essential; but Medicare and Medicaid are not in crisis. Recent per beneficiary cost growth has slowed so significantly that CBO has dramatically reduced its spending projections for the coming decade. In Medicare, refinement of existing payment mechanisms alongside payment reform can produce additional savings. But as the elderly population doubles over the coming decades, a balanced deficit-reduction package must include new revenues The alternative, changing entitlement structures through vouchers or block grants (or adopting an overly ambitious savings target that could produce the same results), would undermine essential protections and shift or even increase health care costs. Financial Products Tax Reform Discussion Draft Testimony from Posted: March 20, 2013
Steven Rosenthal's testimony before the House Subcommittee on Select Revenue Measures of the Committee on Ways and Means on the Discussion Draft’s proposals to reform the tax rules for derivatives and securities investments. Costs of the Death Penalty Testimony from Posted: March 20, 2013
John Roman's testimony before the Judiciary Committee of the State of Delaware Senate on the cost to a state of having the death penalty.
The Implications of the Affordable Care Act for Employers Testimony from Posted: March 13, 2013
This Congressional testimony draws on analyses of the ACA done by Linda Blumberg and Urban Institute colleagues. Together, these analyses demonstrate that, contrary to concerns that the ACA will increase costs and reduce employer-sponsored coverage, the law will have a negligible impact on total employer-sponsored coverage and costs and makes small businesses—for whom coverage expands the most—financially better off. Nor is there any indication that the law will have significant negative implications for overall employment. Expanded Poverty Measurement at the State and Local Level Testimony from Posted: March 12, 2013
Expanded state and local poverty measures have been developed by New York City, New York State, the Institute for Research on Poverty, and the Urban Institute. The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality and the Public Policy Institute of California are developing an expanded poverty measure for California. State and local expanded poverty measures have been used to provide new insights into poverty among population subgroups and regions of the state; estimate the extent to which government benefits, taxes, and work-related and medical expenses affect poverty; and estimate the effect of potential changes in government programs. Addressing FHA's Financial Condition and Program Challenges Part II Testimony from Posted: February 28, 2013
In testimony before the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, Urban Institute President Sarah Rosen Wartell described the role that the Federal Housing Administration has played historically and during the most recent financial and housing market crises, explained the origin of losses expected from the FHA insurance portfolio, and suggested ways to avoid costs, such as more analytic capacity and additional tools and authorities to act nimbly to manage, price, and mitigate risk.